Had + pasado participio
- You had studied English before you moved to the USA.
- Had you studied English before you moved to the USA?
- You had not studied English before you moved to New York.
Uso 1 – Una acción que ha ocurrido antes de otra en el pasado.
El Pasado Perfecto expresa la idea de que una acción a ocurrido antes de otra acción en el pasado.
- When I got to the party , Mary had already left.
- Had Mary already left when you got to the party?
- I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Hawaii.
Uso 2 – Una acción que transcurria en el pasado hasta que otra acción pasó. (usado con verbos no continuos).
- We had had that car for ten years before it broke down.
- They felt bad about selling the house because they have owned it for more than forty years.
A diferencia del presente perfecto, es posible usar palabras indicando un tiempo especifico en el pasado. Aunque es posible hacerlo, por lo regular no es necesario.
She had visited her Mexican relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1999.
Otro uso del Pasado Perfecto.
- She never saw a bear before she moved to Alaska. Incorrecto.
- She had never seen a bear before she moved to Alaska. Correcto.
Posición del adverbio.
Los ejemplos a continuación, le muestran la posición del adverbio en el presente perfecto continuo. Adverbios tales cómo: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc
- You had previosly studied English before you moved to the USA.
- Had you previously studied English before you moved to the USA?
ACTIVO Y PASIVO
- George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanic´s license. Activo
- Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanic´s license. Passive